An Inclusive Litany
[Ed.: More than a quarter of the permanent exhibit on World War II at the Smithsonian is devoted to the policy of internment.]
Adam Szadkowski, a student who had been ordered to go into a school restroom and turn his shirt inside-out to conceal the offending logo, found the rule "ridiculous," wondering, "are they going to ban us from wearing a shirt that says 'potato' just because it has the word 'pot' in it?"
"I realize Billabong is a surfing company," said Principal Ed Dombrowski. "If we were in California or Florida where they do a lot of surfing, I would understand. But we don't surf here, so where do we draw the line?"
The easiest way to bring more physical activity into the classroom
is to give students opportunities to work with partners or rearrange
their desks for discussions. Students can also create and maintain
bulletin boards. They can stand up at regular intervals to briefly
summarize what they remember from the lesson.
- Let your students place their papers in a basket in the back of the room. Make it a hard-to-reach basket to induce stretching. If you don't mind wrinkled papers, let students crumple their papers into balls and "shoot" their homework into a basketball net above the turn-in tray. Or let them fold their papers into airplanes they can glide into a homework box. One student can straighten the papers after everyone has had a turn.
On a related note, Frank Greve of the Knight-Ridder news service reports that Bill Moyers, producer of many documentaries exposing the corrupting influence of money on politics, violated some basic journalistic ethics in his reporting. In one PBS show, "Free Speech for Sale," Moyers interviewed three "experts" on campaign finance reform, all of whom represent organizations that received $2.6 million from the Florence & John Schumann Foundation, whose president is none other than Moyers himself, at a salary of $200,000. In a Frontline special titled "Washington's Other Scandal," Moyers announced that "the arms race in campaign money is undermining the very soul of our democracy," referring viewers to the web sites of reform groups, most bankrolled by Moyers.
I intend to sketch here the contours of male medical and technological response to discontinuities between male and female experiences of sexuality through the social construction of disease paradigms. Situated in the vulnerable center of every past and present heterosexual relationship, the potentially destabilizing issues of orgasmic mutuality have historically been shifted to a neutral and sanitized ground on which female sexuality was represented as a pathology and female orgasm, redefined as the crisis of a disease, was produced clinically as legitimate therapy. This interpretation obviated the need to question either the exalted status of the penis or the efficacy of coitus as a stimulus to female orgasm. Furthermore, it required no adjustment of attitude or skills by male sex partners. What Foucault calls the "hystericization of women's bodies" protected and reinforced androcentric definitions of sexual fulfillment.
A judge rejected Liebaert's original claim, ruling that California discrimination law does not protect occupational status, but he filed an appeal and vowed to advance an alternate theory: that the developers were obliged to announce their no-lawyer policy in their advertisements.
The court concluded that McDonald's had no duty to warn customers of obvious hazards, but refused the company's request for attorney's fees, saying the plaintiff's attorney was "creative, imaginative, and he shouldn't be penalized for that." The case was in litigation for three years, underwent appellate-court review, and cost McDonald's more than $100,000.
Cheney was accompanied to the consultation by her daughter, Erika Goldstein. The psychiatrist found that Cheney had a loss of short-term memory. It also appeared that Ms. Goldstein was more interested in her mother's assisted suicide than Ms. Cheney herself. The psychiatrist concluded that while the assisted suicide seemed consistent with Ms. Cheney's values, "she does not seem to be explicitly pushing for this." Accordingly, he nixed the assisted suicide, as part of a safeguard included in the law.
While Cheney seemed to accept the psychiatrist's verdict, Ms. Goldstein viewed it as an obstacle to her mother's right to die. Goldstein petitioned Kaiser Permanente, her mother's HMO, for a second opinion, and they acceded.
The psychologist who examined Ms. Cheney also found that she had memory problems—an inability to remember when she had been diagnosed with cancer, for example. The psychologist also worried that Cheney's decision to die "may be influenced by her family's wishes." But despite these reservations, the psychologist determined that Cheney was competent to kill herself and approved the writing of the lethal prescription.
Before killing herself, Cheney had to be interviewed by an ethicist/administrator at Kaiser, a group that stood to save thousands of dollars in health care costs. Cheney told Dr. Robert Richardson that she wanted the pills not so much because she was in terrible pain, but because she feared not being able to attend to her personal hygiene. Dr. Richardson okayed prescribing the suicide pills.
Ms. Cheney did not take the pills right away. At one point, she asked to die after her daughter had to help her shower following an accident with her colostomy bag, but she quickly changed her mind. Then Cheney went into a nursing home for a week so that her family could have some respite from care giving.
As soon as Ms. Cheney returned from the nursing home, she declared her desire to take the pills immediately. After grandchildren were called to say goodbye, Cheney took the poison and died with her daughter at her side.
"We looked at the possibility of building in permanent ramps that were retractable, but it was such a burden on the budget we just couldn't do it," said General Services Administration project manager Paul Curley. The courthouse does, however, feature English oak paneling, a 45,000-square-foot glass wall overlooking the harbor, "spacious waterfront chambers for judges, and a five-story Great Hall."
Traffic stops are routinely videotaped from police cruisers, of course, and people who are stopped are rarely informed of this fact. That's because wiretap laws were written before the advent of video technology, and only cover recorded voices. Typically, voyeurs are convicted not for filming their victims, but for forgetting to unplug the microphone. In fact, police videotapes do not feature an audio track. If Mr. Hyde had secretly videotaped the officer, he would have been well within the law.