An Inclusive Litany
Yet nowhere did Lahr mention another ghost from the past that Bergman recounted in his 1994 autobiography: that along with many among his family and friends, and until his mid-thirties, Bergman was a fervent Nazi sympathizer. Visiting Germany before the war, he admitted participating enthusiastically in Nazi rallies. After the war ended, he came to believe, "like so many others" in neutral Sweden, that the Holocaust was an Allied propaganda device. Even well into the 1950s, Bergman entertained the idea that Hitler and Churchill were at least morally equivalent. Somehow, all that did not rate.
[Ed.: How Woody Allen manages to idolize the guy deserves its own probing psychological inquiry.]
As a Swedish US resident, I have to respond to the May 23 editorial, "Dead man talking." The reference about a "Swedish guy with a cold" and a computer's dead voice readout of weather data is nothing but xenophobic slander. Your office should have known this is illegal and costly.
I find this editorial has brought harm to my professional effort here. It is therefore my intention to pursue this case of discriminatory print with all the legal means available. The sought correction will encompass the Globe's apology not only to Swedes, but to anyone honoring English with a foreign accent.
As my work has been damaged, I will also seek punitive damages from the Globe, unless the newspaper provides a prompt and adequate response to the situation.
—Carl Hugo Olsson
To many progs, the impeachment seemed like a clear and present danger—"a peaceful attempt to assassinate the president," in Steinem's words. Though [Christopher] Hitchens dismisses the idea that the campaign against Clinton was an attempted coup, it certainly seemed to many activists that his removal from office would have ushered in a period of right-wing dominance. Even a hardcore radical like Mary Lou Greenberg, who is also a member of the Revolutionary Communist Party, felt compelled to defend a president who declared that "the age of big government is over." She took her cues from "the errors of the Communist forces in Weimar Germany. One error was not taking fascism seriously, and another was not uniting with a segment of the ruling class to defeat these fascist forces."
And in Ottawa, ten American demonstrators protesting a Supreme Court ruling favorable to gays had to ask a police officer how to burn the Canadian flag without setting themselves on fire. The officer obliged, citing safety concerns in response to subsequent criticism.
The student government at the University of Wisconsin at Madison passed a bill allowing student fees to be used to bail out student protesters jailed for radical activism and civil disobedience. Radicals arguing in favor of the measure spoke of how "cool" it would be to have thousands of dollars to "play with" in case of arrest.
[Ed.: Under a proposal by two Yale law professors, the federal government would give every 18-year-old high school graduate $80,000.]
In Talladega, Alabama, auditors found that the department had not hired any of the six officers funded with a $334,000 grant. The police department of Youngstown, Ohio, instituted a hiring freeze shortly after receiving $2.1 million to hire 28 officers. And auditors arrived in Breckenridge, Missouri, to find a bankrupt town operating without a budget, its city council and police department having disbanded shortly after receiving a grant.
The program even faces problems over the definition of what constitutes a "cop." In 1996, Investor's Business Daily reported that COPS grants were going to state parks, nature sanctuaries, and other places not associated with violent crime. The Florida Department of Environmental Protection received a $3.5 million grant to hire 30 marine-patrol officers to monitor a national marine sanctuary. In Tennessee, the Murfreesboro Parks and Recreation Department received over $280,000 to hire five park rangers. Maryland's National Resources Police received grants totaling $1 million to hire 19 park rangers. In fact, all that is required to qualify as a law enforcement official under the program is some sort of formal academy training, as defined loosely by each locality.
[Ed.: Bicycle-mounted Washington Metropolitan police officers are equipped under the COPS program with Smith and Wesson bicycles that cost $1,170 each.]
Other Columbine-inspired overreactions include a Pennsylvania 14-year-old who was strip-searched and suspended for two weeks after she told her classmates she could understand how the Columbine shooters felt. In Virginia, a 9-year-old boy was suspended for waving his drawing of a gun in class, and a high school student was suspended for having blue hair. South Carolina high school students were questioned by police who wanted to know if a chemistry textbook was for making bombs.
The family's lawyer, John Stemberger, later said he planned to file an amended lawsuit that retracted this line of argument, focusing instead on the different driving conditions in Ireland and the United States—presumably including which side of the road is proper.
hundreds of teeth iiiiiichin to bite me deadThe three judges must have assumed they had discovered a fresh new voice from Britain's Caribbean community, perhaps another Linton Kwesi Johnson, but the person who turned up to claim the prize was a 62-year-old white woman named Caroline Carver, who said she began writing poetry as a hobby five years ago. The Plymouth Western Morning News described the crowd as "shocked." "I don't think they expected a white woman," Carver said. "However, everyone was far too polite to say so."
an i liff de knife but it move slow
for everything cep dis killer move slow in the water
but fear drive my hand
an i slash him in de stomach
The same fascinating questions of authorship arose a few years ago, when an Australian novel focusing on aboriginal life turned out to have been written by a white woman, and when a British author pretended to be Irish to increase his chance of getting published as part of that trend. But perhaps the most memorable such hoax was The Education of Little Tree, an academically acclaimed memoir of a Native American orphan who grew up to confront immense racism and other obstacles. But as the New York Times uncovered in 1991, the real author was Asa Carter, who was not only a white man but a notorious racist Ku Klux Klan member who had penned George Wallace's infamous "Segregation now! Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever!" speech and indeed had considered Wallace to be too liberal. Carter's fellow-segregationist brother, Doug, said Asa wrote Little Tree as form of "creative writing." Although Doug Carter said his brother maintained his racist beliefs to his deathbed, the University of New Mexico Press, which published the book, stood by its veracity. Lawrence Clayton, dean at Hardin-Simmons University, refused to accept that a racist was the author: "Carter created a fictitious life for himself and lived it. In years here, he became Little Tree. I think he just turned his back on his earlier life." Rennard Strickland of Southern Illinois University said Asa Carter's real identity is "a matter that doesn't concern or disturb me very much. The book seems to me to ring very true."
Rodgers noted that in 1995, African-Americans accounted for only 1.2 percent of doctorates in engineering and computer science, while garnering 12 times more medical degrees and eight times as many education doctorates, a trend that he said had nothing to do with Silicon Valley. All this was too much for John Templeton, spokesman for one of the groups sponsoring Jackson's visit. "We can now officially describe Cypress Semiconductor as a white supremacist hate group," he announced in a press release.
City Council members who want Neil and Pat Nelson to paint their unfinished home a darker shade voted 3-2 to give the Nelsons an ultimatum: Paint your home a darker shade or we won't let you move in. The Nelsons are defying the council and have occupied the home without a permit. The city is considering how to get them out of the house.
[Ed.: Much Wiccan ritual dates back to 1950s Britain, when retired civil servant Gerald Gardner thought them up, but the "religion" features an ill-defined set of practices. Interestingly, Wiccans refer to old European witch manias as the "burning times," even though it is commonly understood that most of those victimized were not witches at all, hence the dismissive term "witch hunt."]
Because of recent violence in small cities and towns, this is a time when Americans are searching for the causes of violence in their society. No one seems to be asking whether pesticides, fertilizers and toxic metals are affecting our young people's mental capacity, emotional balance, and social adjustment.
And following the release of a convicted rapist from prison, the British government recommended supplying the thirty-something ex-con with Viagra to treat the depression he has since suffered. Doctors treating him at a south London hospital said his main problem was the lack of a girlfriend.
The Environmental Protection Agency, which commissioned the study, has since the early 1990s mandated addition of the chemical to gasoline sold in downstate New York and eight other metropolitan areas, based on the presumption that it would make gasoline burn more completely. As it turns out, cars are now made with sensors that adjust the oxygen percentage anyway, so the additive only works on cars sold before 1986 or those with broken sensors.
The chemical has increasingly been leaking out of storage tanks and into Long Island's underground drinking water supply, where it is much more difficult to clean up than conventional gasoline. It cost two homeowners $50,000 to clean up a couple of wells that had been polluted with a few gallons of MTBE-tainted gasoline. Locals there are now calling for a ban on the additive.
California's Lawrence Livermore Laboratory found that thousands of the state's shallow monitoring sites had been contaminated. In Glennville, California, MTBE was discovered in a dozen wells serving four businesses and three houses. Residents of one of those homes suffered from various health problems, and saw the value of their home drop from $81,000 to $28,000.
Aside from its environmental drawbacks, MTBE also smells bad, causing nausea, headaches, rashes, diarrhea, and other symptoms in people after refueling their cars. North Carolina's state health department launched a campaign urging drivers to pull over if they became dizzy or faint after pumping gas. Three months after the EPA's mandate was enacted, the State of Alaska disobeyed the mandate and banned MTBE altogether.
The move from a structuralist account in which capital is understood to structure social relations in relatively homologous ways to a view of hegemony in which power relations are subject to repetition, convergence, and rearticulation brought the question of temporality into the thinking of structure, and a marked shift from a form of Althusserian theory that takes structural tonalities as theoretical objects to one in which the insights into the contingent possibility of structure inaugurate a renewed conception of hegemony as bound up with the contingent sites and strategies of the rearticulation of power.As bad as that is, it's a wonder it beat out the following runner-up from a book by D.G. Leahy that was published by the State University of New York Press:
Total presence breaks on the univocal predication of the exterior absolute the absolute existent (of that of which it is not possible to univocally predicate an outside, while the equivocal predication of the outside of the absolute exterior is possible of that of which the reality so predicated is not the reality, viz., of the dark/of the self, the identity of which is not outside the absolute identity of the outside, which is to say that the equivocal predication of identity is possible of the self-identity which is not identity, while identity is univocally predicated of the limit to the darkness, of the limit of the reality of the self).Admittedly, that sentence does not include the obligatory word "hegemony."
Since then, scientists have offered speculative theories blaming both pesticides and ultraviolet radiation from ozone thinning (the latter despite a lack of increase in observed UV rates). Most recently, scientists identified a fungus called chytrid as a possible culprit, which they may have been inadvertently spreading by not washing their boots after stepping from one infected area to the next. Another theory blames a parasitic flatworm, which may cause a cyst in tadpoles that cause them to grow multiple hind legs. (The U.S. News & World Report later speculated that pesticide use could possibly be making the parasites more abundant.)
People stocking up on canned food and flashlights preparing for a Y2K disaster are probably ideal candidates for post-traumatic stress disorder, a leading expert on the subject suggested yesterday.
Edna Foa, a psychologist who teaches at the Medical College of Pennsylvania, told a Montreal conference that people who suffer from the disorder either perceive the world as very safe or very dangerous.
Those who build shelters and stockpile food out of fear that pandemonium will break out in 2000 fall into the latter category, she said.
"Most of us won't build these shelters. But these people have a perception that the world is entirely dangerous and things can happen at any minute."
It's estimated that up to 10 per cent of the population is affected by post-traumatic stress disorder. PTSD has been recognized for more than a century under a variety of labels, including shell shock and hysteria.
People with the disorder have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event like physical abuse or rape. They relive their trauma in flashbacks and usually suffer from severe anxiety that can make it impossible for them to work....
One of the most promising treatments is called exposure therapy, which requires the person to close his or her eyes and recount in detail the horror of the trauma....
[Ed.: Well, don't expect us to discuss your book for a while!]
Victims in places like Algeria, Cambodia, Turkey, and the Great Lakes Region of Africa have been let down by governments' failure to match human rights rhetoric with adequate support for action. Amnesty International will highlight these four examples together with the USA—where a persistent and widespread pattern of human rights violations appears to disproportionally affect people of racial or ethnic minority backgrounds.... The United States of America, despite its claims to international leadership in the field of human rights and its many institutions to protect individual civil liberties, is failing to deliver the fundamental promise of rights for all.
I want to say again, the United States would never choose force as anything other than a last option. And Mr. Milosevic could end it now by withdrawing his military police and paramilitary forces, by accepting the deployment of an international security force to protect not only the Kosovar Albanians, most but not all of whom are Muslims, but also the Serbian minority in Kosovo. Everybody. We're not for anybody's hate crimes. And by making it possible for all the refugees to return and to move toward a political framework based on the accords reached in France.
Now, as I said, we can't continue to organize ourselves to try to stand against these things around the world—which I firmly hope we will. I applaud the women in America who have done so much to bring to the world's attention the terrible treatment of women in Afghanistan, for example. And we have worked hard in Africa to work with other African forces to build an Africa Crisis Response Initiative so that something like the Rwanda genocide cannot happen again. We have to keep working on these things.
But first of all, we must always be working on ourselves. That's really what this is about. Because we know this is more the work of the Bishop than the President, but we know that inside each of us there are vulnerabilities to dehumanizing other people simply by putting them in a category that permits us to dismiss them, or that permits us to put them in a category so that on a bad day, when we're feeling especially bad about something we've done, we can say, well, thank God I'm not one of them. And it is a short step from that—a short, short step from that—to licensing or even participating in acts of violence.
As I said, it may be—I was standing here looking at Secretary Riley, and Bishop Dixon; I was thinking about all the years that Secretary Riley and I worked together. It may be that the three of us are more sensitive to this because we grew up in the segregated South, but it is very easy to get into a social system where you always get to think a little better of yourself because you've always got someone that you can dehumanize.
And that's really what this whole issue with gays is today in America. We're not talking about everybody agreeing with everybody else on every political issue.